Volume 9, Issue 1 (Feb 2024)                   JNFS 2024, 9(1): 132-143 | Back to browse issues page

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Toorang F, Sasanfar B, Pouraram H, Eskandari S. Pesticide Residue in Iranian Fruits and Vegetables: A Systematic Review. JNFS 2024; 9 (1) :132-143
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-672-en.html
Cancer Research Center, Cancer Institute of Iran, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, I.R. Iran
Abstract:   (866 Views)
There is a growing concern about the health-threatening effects of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables worldwide. This study systematically reviewed the published data on pesticide residues in Iranian fruits and vegetables to clarify the gap in this issue. Method: The authors systematically searched PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, SID, and Iran Medex to find published studies on pesticide residues in Iranian foods without time and language restrictions. The title and abstract of all articles were evaluated after removing duplicate articles (2289 articles) by two independent reviewers. Finally, 25 articles were found that reported pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables. There was a great variation in measurement methods and pesticides reported across studies, which precluded meta-analysis. Therefore, a summary of the included studies was only reported. Results: Twenty-four studies reporting pesticide residues in Iranian fruits and vegetables were included. The percentage of Iranian fruits and vegetables contaminated with pesticides exceeding the maximum residue limit (MRL) was less than 10% in most studies. Contaminated samples were collected mainly from cultivated areas such as fields, orchards, or greenhouses. Conclusion: Pesticide residues in food have not been systematically reported in Iran. It was found that only limited articles were published by academic societies on this issue. Considering the current scenario, there is an urgent need to facilitate reliable and continuous measurements of toxic residues in Iranian food.
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Type of article: review article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2022/07/6 | Published: 2024/02/21 | ePublished: 2024/02/21

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