Volume 9, Issue 2 (May 2024)                   JNFS 2024, 9(2): 223-231 | Back to browse issues page


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Bhagat D, Priyamvada S. Assessment of Indigenous Hill People of Meghalaya, India regarding Household Food Access. JNFS 2024; 9 (2) :223-231
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-632-en.html
Department of Management, North-Eastern Hill University, Tura Campus, Meghalaya, India-794002;
Abstract:   (712 Views)
Background: While the broad issue of food security has generally received attention of the researchers, the particularities in hills and mountains has remained neglected. Thus, to provide some insights on food insecurity regarding mountain specificities, the current study aims to evaluate household food access of indigenous hill people in Meghalaya, India. Methods: Food access is a measure of household’s ability to acquire available food over a given period.  In the current study, a sample of 900 people from indigenous population were randomly selected from rural Khasi, Garo and Jaintia Hills of Meghalaya. Household food access was explored with the following indicators: household wealth and income; household dietary diversity score (HDDS), and food consumption score (FCS). Data collection was done during December, 2019 to September, 2020. Results: The sample households are characterised by the predominance of marginal farmers (93% to 97%). Most of them were in the category of borderline food security with the FCS of between 21.5 to 35.0. Starchy staples were considered the main component of their diet. Their dietary diversity was significantly correlated with income (correlation coefficient=0.22) and wealth (correlation coefficient=0.38) at 0.01 level of significance. Conclusion: As dietary diversity at household is related to income and wealth, scarcity of income and wealth regarding indigenous hill population was an obvious reason for poor dietary diversity and the resultant poor dietary quality at the household level. To increase local food production and improve dietary diversity of indigenous hill people, revitalizing and strengthening local food systems is of great significance.


 
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Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2022/05/16 | Published: 2024/05/21 | ePublished: 2024/05/21

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