Volume 8, Issue 4 (Nov 2023)                   JNFS 2023, 8(4): 606-618 | Back to browse issues page

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Haghighian-Roudsari A, Mohammadi-Nasrabadi F, Omidvar N, Khoshfetrat M, Mirzadeh-Ahari Z, Fadavi G et al . Food Insecurity after Cash Transfer Program in Rural Areas of Tehran: A Mixed Method Study. JNFS 2023; 8 (4) :606-618
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-623-en.html
Research Department of Food and Nutrition Policy and Planning, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (981 Views)
Background: Cash transfer (CT) is one of the strategies used by many developing countries to improve food security and nutritional status of lower socio-economic groups. This study aims to assessing household food insecurity (HFI) and viewpoints of women after CT program in rural population of Tehran province by both quantitative and qualitative methods. Methods: After making arrangements with rural health centers of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, 250 households were selected from five rural of Iran with different socio-economic status (SES) by cluster sampling. Locally adapted Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS), food frequency, and SES questionnaires were completed, and height, weight, and waist circumference of adult females were measured. .Data on families' coping strategies were collected through 7 focus-group discussions.  Results: The frequency of mild, moderate, and severe HFI was 22.3, 22.3, and 16.0%, respectively. SES negatively affected HFI (P<0.001), and HFI negatively influenced food-group consumption (P<0.001). Most of the women reported strategies like borrowing from family and friends, skipping meals, and eating less food by mothers. Conclusions: It seems that in spite of CT program, the prevalence of HFI among Iranians in rural areas was relatively high and consumption of food groups in FI households was low.
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Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi
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Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2022/04/19 | Published: 2023/11/20 | ePublished: 2023/11/20

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