Volume 8, Issue 4 (Nov 2023)                   JNFS 2023, 8(4): 686-693 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Masoumi S M, Shahraki M, Eslahi H, Okati M. The Relationship between Food Insecurity and Some Socio-Economic Factors with Type 2 Diabetes in Patients Referring to Diabetes Clinic of Bu'ali Hospital in Zahedan , Iran. JNFS 2023; 8 (4) :686-693
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-593-en.html
Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Abstract:   (1031 Views)
Background: There is a close relationship between food insecurity and diabetes. It has been shown that some socio-economic factors can affect Type I diabetes. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between food insecurity and some socio-economic factors with type 2 diabetes in patients referring to Diabetes Clinic of Buali Hospital in Zahedan city. Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 450 patients with type 2 diabetes as the case group and 450 similar participants without diabetes as the control group in 2021. The data were collected for the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and food insecurity by the 18-item USDA household food security questionnaire. Results: The results showed that food insecurity was significantly higher in case group (7.27±5.25) compared to the control group (6.44±5.82). Participants with higher income had lower food insecurity (P=0.0001). Married participants had higher food security compared to other status in both groups (P=0.0001). Individuals with higher education had better food security and diabetic individuals had lower education compared to healthy people (P=0.001). Employee and housewife in case group had higher food security compared to participants with other jobs (P=0.0001). Conclusion: Food insecurity was higher in diabetic patients and socio-economic factors had a close relation with food insecurity. Policy makers must consider strategies for improving socio-economic factors in Zahedan city.
Corresponding Author:Hadi Eslahi
View Orcid in Profile
You can search for this author in PubMed     Google Scholar Profile

Full-Text [PDF 588 kb]   (93 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (36 Views)  
Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2022/03/6 | Published: 2023/11/20 | ePublished: 2023/11/20

1. Abdurahman AA, Chaka EE, Nedjat S, Dorosty AR & Majdzadeh R 2019. The association of household food insecurity with the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European journal of nutrition. 58(4): 1341-1350.
2. American Diabetes Association 2019. Standards of medical care in diabetes-2019. Diabetes Care. 2019; 42(1): 59.
4. Amiresmaeili M, Yazdi‐Feyzabadi V Heidarijamebozorgi M 2021. Prevalence of food insecurity and related factors among slum households in Kerman, south of Iran. The International Journal of Health Planning and Management, 36(5): 1589-1599.
5. Bickel G, Nord M, Price C, Hamilton W & Cook J 2000. Guide to measuring household food security. Revised.
6. Farrell P, Thow AM, Abimbola S, Faruqui N & Negin J 2018. How food insecurity could lead to obesity in LMICs: when not enough is too much: a realist review of how food insecurity could lead to obesity in low-and middle-income countries. Health promotion international, 33(5): 812-826.
7. FAO 2020. The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome, Italy.
8. Farvid MS, Rabiee S, Homayoni F, Rashidkhani B & Arian V 2010. Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption in type 2 diabetics in Tehran. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 12(2):89–98.
9. Fitzgerald N, Hromi-Fiedler A, Segura-Pérez S & Pérez-Escamilla R 2011. Food insecurity is related to increased risk of type 2 diabetes among Latinas. Ethnicity & disease. 21(3):328.
10. Flint KL, Davis G & Umpierrez GE 2020. Emerging trends and the clinical impact of food insecurity in patients with diabetes. Journal of diabetes. 12(3): 187-196.
11. Gucciardi E, Vahabi M, Norris N, Del Monte JP & Farnum C 2014. The intersection between food insecurity and diabetes: a review. Current nutrition reports. 3(4): 324-332.
12. Gucciardi E, Vogt JA, DeMelo M & Stewart DE 2009. An exploration of the relationship between household food insecurity and diabetes mellitus in Canada. Diabetes Care. 32(12):2218–24.
13. Hojaji E, Aghajani M, Zavoshy R, Noroozi M, Jahanihashemi H & Ezzeddin N 2021. Household food insecurity associations with pregnancy hypertension, diabetes mellitus and infant birth anthropometric measures: a cross-sectional study of Iranian mothers. Hypertension in Pregnancy. 40(2): 109-117.
14. Hopkins LC & Holben DH 2018. Food insecure community gardeners in rural Appalachian Ohio more strongly agree that their produce intake improved and food spending decreased as a result of community gardening compared to food secure community gardeners. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition. 13(4): 540-552.
15. Lee JW, Shin WK & Kim Y 2020. Impact of sex and marital status on the prevalence of perceived depression in association with food insecurity. PloS one. 15(6): e0234105.
16. Mansour R, Liamputtong P & Arora A 2020. Prevalence, determinants, and effects of food insecurity among middle eastern and North African migrants and refugees in high-income countries: a systematic review. International journal of environmental research and public health. 17(19): 7262.
17. Mortazavi Z, Dorosty AR, Eshraghian MR, Ghaffari M & Ansari-Moghaddam A 2021. Nutritional Education and Its Effects on Household Food Insecurity in Southeastern Iran. Iranian Journal of Public Health. 50(4):798-805.
18. Najibi N, Firoozi R, Shahrezaee S 2019. Food insecurity is an important risk factor for type 2 diabetes: a case-control study of new referrals to the University clinics, Shiraz, Southern Iran. BMC Public Health. 19: 885.
19. Ogunniyi AI, Omotoso SO, Salman KK, Omotayo AO, Olagunju KO & Aremu AO 2021. Socio-economic Drivers of food security among rural households in Nigeria: Evidence from Smallholder maize farmers. Social Indicators Research. 155(2): 583-599.
20. Penne T & Goedemé T 2021. Can low-income households afford a healthy diet? Insufficient income as a driver of food insecurity in Europe. Food Policy 99: 101978.
21. Rafat R, Rezazadeh A, Arzhang P & Alipourr A 2020. The association of food insecurity with sociodemographic factors and depression in the elderly population of Qarchak city–Iran. Nutrition & Food Science. 19, 1-8.
22. Robbiati C, Armando A, da Conceição N, Putoto G & Cavallin F 2022. Association between diabetes and food insecurity in an urban setting in Angola: a case–control study. Scientific Report 12(1): 1-6.
23. Seligman HK, Bindman AB, Vittinghoff E, Kanaya AM & Kushel MB 2007. Food insecurity is associated with diabetes mellitus: results from the National Health Examination and nutrition examination survey (NHANES) 1999–2002. Journal of Genetic International Medicine. 22(7):1018–23.
24. Seligman HK, Jacobs EA, López A, Tschann J & Fernandez A 2012. Food insecurity and glycemic control among low-income patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2012, 35:233-238.
25. Tabrizi JS, Nikniaz L, Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Farahbakhsh M & Nikniaz Z 2018. Socio-demographic determinants of household food insecurity among iranian: A Population-based Study from Northwest of Iran. Iranian journal of public health. 47(6), 893–900.
26. Te Vazquez J, Feng SN, Orr CJ & Berkowitz SA 2021. Food insecurity and cardiometabolic conditions: a review of recent research. Current Nutrition Reports. 1-12.
27. Thomas MK, Lammert LJ & Beverly EA 2021. Food Insecurity and its impact on body weight, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and mental health. Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports 15(9): 1-9.
28. USDA ERS-Measurement. Accessed February 27, 2021. https://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/food-nutrition-assistance/food-security-in-the-us/measurement/.
29. Vilar-Compte M, Gaitán-Rossi P, Flores D, Pérez-Cirera V & Teruel G 2020. How do context variables affect food insecurity in Mexico? Implications for policy and governance. Public health nutrition. 23(13): 2445-2452.
30. Young CF, Yun K, Kang E, Shubrook JH & Dugan JA 2018. Correlations between A1C and diabetes knowledge, diabetes numeracy, and food security in a vulnerable type 2 diabetes population. Diabetes Spectrum. 31:177-183.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 3.0 | Journal of Nutrition and Food Security

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb