Volume 8, Issue 2 (May 2023)                   JNFS 2023, 8(2): 180-188 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Derakhshandeh-Rishehri S, Farmani A, Zarmehrparirouy M, Hemmati A, Faghih S, Shenavar R. Prevalence and Its Related Factors of Undernutrition among Under 5-Year-Old Children, Fars, Iran 2017-2018. JNFS 2023; 8 (2) :180-188
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-514-en.html
Department of Community Nutrition, Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, School of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2150 Views)
The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and related factors of under-nutrition among under 5-year-old children in Fars province, Iran.  Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted during 2017-2018 in Fars province of Iran. The study consisted of 606 children (0-59 months) from 13 regions of Fars province. A structured questionnaire collected the data, and under-nutrition indices, including stunting, wasting, and underweight, were investigated by the mixed-effects ordinal logistic regression model. Results: The prevalence of stunting, underweight, and wasting were 2%, 4%, and 4.1%, respectively. Low birth weight was a risk factor for three undernutrition indices (P < 0.001; P < 0.001; and P = 0.004). Urban children were significantly more underweight and wasted than rural children (P = 0.001; and P = 0.002, respectively). Under-nutrition rates were impressed by the family size, mother's education, and father's occupation.  Conclusion: The prevalence of undernutrition in children can be reduced by identifying and controlling significant factors, including birth weight, maternal education, type of settlement, family size, and father's occupation.
Full-Text [PDF 418 kb]   (245 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (88 Views)  
Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2021/11/2 | Published: 2023/05/20 | ePublished: 2023/05/20

1. Adekunle L 2005. The effect of family structure on a sample of malnourished urban Nigerian children. Food and nutrition bulletin. 26 (2): 230-233.
2. Akombi B, et al. 2017a. Stunting and severe stunting among children under-5 years in Nigeria: A multilevel analysis. BMC pediatrics. 17 (1): 1-16.
3. Akombi B, Agho K, Merom D, Hall J & Renzaho A 2017b. Multilevel analysis of factors associated with wasting and underweight among children under-five years in Nigeria. Nutrients 2017; 9: 44. Nutrients. 9 (1): 44.
4. Asim M & Nawaz Y 2018. Child malnutrition in Pakistan: evidence from literature. Children. 5 (5): 60.
5. Dehghan Haghighi J, Ayubi E, Sadeghi-Bojd S & Narouei B 2021. Malnutrition and its Related Factors among Children under Five Years in Zahedan, Southeastern Iran. International journal of pediatrics. 10 (2): 15412-15425.
6. Demissie S & Worku A 2013. Magnitude and factors associated with malnutrition in children 6-59 months of age in pastoral community of Dollo Ado district, Somali region, Ethiopia. Science journal of public health. 1 (4): 175-183.
7. Farrokh-Eslamlou H, Eshagi A, Valizadeh R, Omidi T & Maasoumeh Mahdi Akhgar M 2021. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Stunting among Children Less than Five Years: a Community Based Study in North-Western Iran. International journal of pediatrics. 9 (12): 14958-14966.
8. Farrokh-Eslamlou HR, Oshnouei S, Ahmadi N & Babaei F 2013. Geographical distribution of nutrition deficiency among children under five years old in the West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Urmia medical journal. 24 (3): 201-209.
9. Janevic T, Petrovic O, Bjelic I & Kubera A 2010. Risk factors for childhood malnutrition in Roma settlements in Serbia. BMC public health. 10 (1): 1-8.
10. Kavosi E, et al. 2014. Prevalence and determinants of under-nutrition among children under six: a cross-sectional survey in Fars province, Iran. International journal of health policy and management. 3 (2): 71.
11. Kim H-Y 2013. Statistical notes for clinical researchers: assessing normal distribution (2) using skewness and kurtosis. Restorative dentistry & endodontics. 38 (1): 52-54.
12. Meshram II, et al. 2012. Trends in the prevalence of undernutrition, nutrient and food intake and predictors of undernutrition among under five year tribal children in India. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition. 21 (4): 568-576.
13. Mohseni M, Aryankhesal A & Kalantari N 2018. Prevalence of malnutrition among Iranâ s under five-year-old children and the related factors: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Iranian journal of pediatrics. 28 (1): e9189.
14. Naderi Beni M, Lak R, Jazaeri S & Eftekhar Ardebili H 2013. Prevalence of malnutrition under five years in Chadegan (area district city) Iran 2011. Iranian journal of epidemiology. 9 (2): 22-28.
15. Payandeh A, Saki A, Safarian M, Tabesh H & Siadat Z 2013. Prevalence of malnutrition among preschool children in northeast of Iran, a result of a population based study. Global journal of health science. 5 (2): 208.
16. Popat C, Chaudhari A, Mazumdar V & Patel S 2014. A cross sectional study to measure the prevalence of malnutrition and factors associated with malnutrition among under five children of an urban slum of Vadodara city. Journal of research in medical and dental science. 2 (3): 59-64.
17. Rad AH, Motlagh AD, Kalantari N, Abdollahi M & Abtahi M 2009. Prevalence of stunting, underweight, wasting and overweight among Iranian under-five-year-old children (2000-2002). Iranian journal of nutrition sciences & food technology. 3 (4): 49-56.
18. Rahman MS, Howlader T, Masud MS & Rahman ML 2016. Association of low-birth weight with malnutrition in children under five years in Bangladesh: do mother’s education, socio-economic status, and birth interval matter? PloS one. 11 (6): e0157814.
19. Sand A, et al. 2018. Determinants of severe acute malnutrition among children under five years in a rural remote setting: A hospital based study from district Tharparkar-Sindh, Pakistan. Pakistan journal of medical sciences. 34 (2): 260-265.
20. United Nations Children's Fund, World Health Organisation & World Bank 2018. Levels and Trends in Child Malnutrition, https://econpapers. repec.org/paper/esswpaper/id_3a12424.htm.
21. Vardell E 2018. Global Health obsevatory data repository. Medical reference services quarterly. 39 (1): 67-74.
22. Wold Health Organization 2018. Children : reducing mortality, https://apps.who.int/iris/ bitstream/handle/10665/242265/WER8938_418-420.PDF.
23. World Bank 2017. World Development Report 2017: Governance and the Law, https://elibrary. worldbank.org/doi/abs/ 10.1596/978-1-4648-0950-7.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 3.0 | Journal of Nutrition and Food Security

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb