Volume 8, Issue 2 (May 2023)                   JNFS 2023, 8(2): 180-188 | Back to browse issues page


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Derakhshandeh-Rishehri S, Farmani A, Zarmehrparirouy M, Hemmati A, Faghih S, Shenavar R. Prevalence and Its Related Factors of Undernutrition among Under 5-Year-Old Children, Fars, Iran 2017-2018. JNFS 2023; 8 (2) :180-188
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-514-en.html
Department of Community Nutrition, Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, School of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2150 Views)
The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and related factors of under-nutrition among under 5-year-old children in Fars province, Iran.  Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted during 2017-2018 in Fars province of Iran. The study consisted of 606 children (0-59 months) from 13 regions of Fars province. A structured questionnaire collected the data, and under-nutrition indices, including stunting, wasting, and underweight, were investigated by the mixed-effects ordinal logistic regression model. Results: The prevalence of stunting, underweight, and wasting were 2%, 4%, and 4.1%, respectively. Low birth weight was a risk factor for three undernutrition indices (P < 0.001; P < 0.001; and P = 0.004). Urban children were significantly more underweight and wasted than rural children (P = 0.001; and P = 0.002, respectively). Under-nutrition rates were impressed by the family size, mother's education, and father's occupation.  Conclusion: The prevalence of undernutrition in children can be reduced by identifying and controlling significant factors, including birth weight, maternal education, type of settlement, family size, and father's occupation.
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Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2021/11/2 | Published: 2023/05/20 | ePublished: 2023/05/20

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