Volume 8, Issue 1 (Feb 2023)                   JNFS 2023, 8(1): 66-76 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khamoush Cheshm N, Ataie-Jafari A, Eghtesadi S, Nikravan A, Shivappa N, R. Hebert J. The Association between Dietary Inflammatory and Obesity Indices in University Students in Tehran. JNFS 2023; 8 (1) :66-76
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-466-en.html
Department of Nutrition, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1373 Views)
Background: Obesity as a major cause of low-grade chronic inflammation is a global public health issue. Inflammation arising from obesity affects organs, such as kidney and liver, and is associated with chronic diseases. The present study aims to investigate the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and obesity indices in university students. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 361 college students selected using a two-stage cluster random sampling. The inclusion criteria were healthy girls and boys in the 18-35 years age group, and the exclusion criteria included the presence of chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, taking supplements to weight loss or weight gain, and using alcohol and tobacco. DII scores were calculated from dietary data collected using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Anthropometric measurements were taken, and body composition was analyzed by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Results: The mean age of the students was 21.94 ± 4.04 years, 53.2% were female, and the mean DII was 1.26 ± 1.08. Among the participants, 36.8% were overweight and obese and 9.1% suffered from abdominal obesity. The DII score was not associated with body weight, body mass index (BMI), body fat, waist circumference or visceral fat (both unadjusted and after adjustment for covariates). Conclusion: The present study showed no association between the DII and obesity indices. Given the proven effects of both the DII and obesity on health indicators, it would be a good strategy to conduct studies with prospective designs to determine the exact effects of DII on obesity indicators.
 
Full-Text [PDF 594 kb]   (184 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (142 Views)  
Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2021/08/27 | Published: 2023/02/21 | ePublished: 2023/02/21

References
1. Alam I, Shivappa N, Hebert JR, Pawelec G & Larbi A 2018. Relationships between the inflammatory potential of the diet, aging and anthropometric measurements in a cross-sectional study in Pakistan. Nutrtion healthy aging. 30 (4): 335-343.
2. Alidadi Y, Metanati M & Ataie-Jafari A 2019. The validity of a bioelectrical impedance analyzer, Xiaomi MI scale 2, for measurement of body composition. ood and health journal. 2 (2): 36-38.
3. Asghari G, Mirmiran P & Islamian G 2011. Inverse association of Mediterranean control diet with obesity and abdominal obesity: A study with 6.7 years follow-up. Iranian journal of endocrinology and metabolism. 13 (1): 36-47.
4. Benelli R, Lorusso G, Albini A & Noonan D 2006. Cytokines and chemokines as regulators of angiogenesis in health and disease. Current pharmaceutical design. 09 (24): 3101-3115.
5. Camargo-Ramos CM, Correa-Bautista JE, Correa-Rodríguez M & Ramírez-Vélez R 2017. Dietary inflammatory index and cardiometabolic risk parameters in overweight and sedentary subjects. International journal of environmental research and public health. 4 (10): 1104.
6. Correa-Rodríguez M, et al. 2018. Dietary inflammatory index, bone health and body composition in a population of young adults: a cross-sectional study. International journal of food sciences and nutrition. 69 (8): 1013-1019.
7. Daneshi-Maskooni M, et al. 2013. Food insecurity and some associated socioeconomic factors among upper gastrointestinal cancer patients. International research journal of applied and basic sciences. 33 (2): 482-486.
8. Esfahani FH, Asghari G, Mirmiran P & Azizi F 2010. Reproducibility and relative validity of food group intake in a food frequency questionnaire developed for the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Journal of epidemiology. 35 (2): 150-158.
9. Estruch R, et al. 2006. Effects of a Mediterranean-style diet on cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized trial. Annals of internal medicine. 145 (1): 1-11.
10. Fogarty AW, et al. 2008. A prospective study of weight change and systemic inflammation over 9 y. American journal of clinical nutrition. 87 (1): 30-35.
11. Herder C, et al. 2005. Inflammation and type 2 diabetes: results from KORA Augsburg. Das gesundheitswesen. 67 (S 01): 115-121.
12. Johansson-Persson A, et al. 2014. A high intake of dietary fiber influences C-reactive protein and fibrinogen, but not glucose and lipid metabolism, in mildly hypercholesterolemic subjects. European journal of nutrition. 13 (1): 39-48.
13. Kim C, et al. 2006. Circulating levels of MCP-1 and IL-8 are elevated in human obese subjects and associated with obesity-related parameters. International journal of obesity. 30 (9): 1347-1355.
14. Kim Y, Chen J, Wirth MD, Shivappa N & Hebert JR 2018. Lower dietary inflammatory index scores are associated with lower glycemic index scores among college students. Nutrients. 40 (2): 182.
15. Kord Varkaneh H, et al. 2017. Association between dietary inflammatory index with obesity in Women who referred to health centers affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Razi journal of medical sciences. 24 (161): 21-30.
16. Lambert M, et al. 2004. C-reactive protein and features of the metabolic syndrome in a population-based sample of children and adolescents. Clinical chemistry. 50 (10): 1762-1768.
17. Malshe SD & Udipi SA 2017. Waist-to-Height Ratio in Indian Women: Comparison With Traditional Indices of Obesity, Association With Inflammatory Biomarkers and Lipid Profile. Asia Pacific journal of public health. 10 (5): 411-421.
18. Mazidi M, et al. 2018. Dietary inflammatory index and cardiometabolic risk in US adults. Atherosclerosis.(276): 23-27.
19. Moghaddam MB, et al. 2012. The Iranian Version of International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) in Iran: content and construct validity, factor structure, internal consistency and stability. World applied science journal. 18 (8): 1073-1080.
20. Muhammad HFL, et al. 2019. Dietary inflammatory index score and its association with body weight, blood pressure, lipid profile, and leptin in Indonesian adults. Nutrients. 44 (1): 148.
21. Nikniaz L, Nikniaz Z, Shivappa N & Hébert JR 2018. The association between dietary inflammatory index and metabolic syndrome components in Iranian adults. Primary care diabetes. 12 (5): 467-472.
22. Ramallal R, et al. 2017. Inflammatory potential of diet, weight gain, and incidence of overweight/obesity: the SUN cohort. Obesity. 11 (6): 997-1005.
23. Ren Z, et al. 2018. Association between dietary inflammatory index, C-reactive protein and metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional study. Nutrients. 10 (7): 831.
24. Richard C, Couture P, Desroches S & Lamarche B 2013. Effect of the Mediterranean diet with and without weight loss on markers of inflammation in men with metabolic syndrome. Obesity. 21 (1): 51-57.
25. Ruiz-Canela M, et al. 2015. Dietary inflammatory index and anthropometric measures of obesity in a population sample at high cardiovascular risk from the PREDIMED (PREvencion con DIeta MEDiterranea) trial. British journal of nutrition. 113 (6): 984-995.
26. Salimi Y, Taghdir M, Sepandi M & Karimi Zarchi A-A 2019. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among Iranian military personnel: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC public health. 19 (1): 1-9.
27. San KMM, et al. 2018. Chronic low grade inflammation measured by dietary inflammatory index and its association with obesity among school teachers in Yangon, Myanmar. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition. 27 (1): 92-98.
28. Santos A, Lopes C, Guimaraes J & Barros H 2005. Central obesity as a major determinant of increased high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in metabolic syndrome. International journal of obesity. 29 (12): 1452-1456.
29. Sethna CB, et al. 2020. Dietary inflammation and cardiometabolic health in adolescents. Pediatric obesity. 16 (2): e12706.
30. Shivappa N, et al. 2018. Association of proinflammatory diet with low-grade inflammation: results from the Moli-sani study. Nutrition. 54: 182-188.
31. Shivappa N, et al. 2017. Association between dietary inflammatory index and inflammatory markers in the HELENA study. Molecular nutrition & food research. 61 (6): 1600707.
32. Shivappa N, Steck SE, Hurley TG, Hussey JR & Hébert JR 2014. Designing and developing a literature-derived, population-based dietary inflammatory index. Public health nutrition. 17 (8): 1689-1696.
33. Sokol A, et al. 2016. Association between the dietary inflammatory index, waist-to-hip ratio and metabolic syndrome. Nutrition research. 36 (11): 1298-1303.
34. Vahid F, et al. 2020. A pro-inflammatory diet increases the likelihood of obesity and overweight in adolescent boys: a case–control study. Diabetology & metabolic syndrome. 12 (1): 1-8.
35. World Health Organization 2011. Waist circumference and waist-hip ratio: report of a WHO expert consultation, Geneva.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 3.0 | Journal of Nutrition and Food Security

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb