Volume 6, Issue 4 (Nov 2021)                   JNFS 2021, 6(4): 334-342 | Back to browse issues page


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Bacha U, Yousaf S, Zafar M, Raza A, Khan M A, Bano S, et al . Evaluation of Dietary Intake and Food Insecurity: A Case Study on Selected Households from Lahore,Pakistan. JNFS. 2021; 6 (4) :334-342
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-358-en.html
School of Health Sciences, University of Management and Technology, C-II Johar Town, Lahore, Pakistan
Abstract:   (618 Views)

 Background: Food insecurity consistently challenges middle-income countries, including Pakistan. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary food intake of the households in the selected location through a semi-structured questionnaire. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out among 500 households comprised 2094 participants to investigate dietary intake and status of food insecurity. Furthermore, socio-demographic and weekly dietary food intake was collected through a semi-structured questionnaire in 2019. Those households who assent to participate were included in the study. Results: Mean household size was 5.80±2.05 comprised 49.27% male and 50.61% female. Six food types were commonly consumed in the study population. Among these foods (g/capita/day) starch remained at the top 734.43 followed by fruits 256.02 and vegetables 89.77. These data highlighted limited dietary diversity and reduced dietary intake. The energy intake (per capita/day) from the food basket, contribution of the starch was the highest 32.37% versus protein 14.43%, milk 14.08%, vegetables 1.31%, and fruit 7.79% with an overall calories intake 81.08% from all food groups except tea. Finally, of the 500 households, 42.4% people were below the poverty line, 41.8% people at the poverty line, and 15.8% people were above the poverty line. Conclusion: The results showed that dietary intake of the participants was below the reference intake, demonstrating food insecurity and unbalanced diet.

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Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2020/10/25 | Accepted: 2021/01/23 | Published: 2021/11/10 | ePublished: 2021/11/10

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