Volume 6, Issue 1 (Feb 2021)                   JNFS 2021, 6(1): 87-97 | Back to browse issues page

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Bigdeli J, Jarahi L, Ranjbar G, Khadem Ghaebi N, Safarian M, Soleimani D. Food Insecurity and Preeclampsia: A Case-Control Study. JNFS. 2021; 6 (1) :87-97
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-319-en.html
Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (637 Views)
Background: Household food insecurity is defined as the limited or uncertain access to adequate and safe food or limited ability to obtain food in a socially acceptable manner. Preeclampsia is a severe case of high-risk pregnancy, which endangers the health of women across the world, especially in developing countries. The current study aimed to use the nutritional deficiencies theory in pathogenesis of preeclampsia and determine the correlation between food insecurity and preeclampsia. Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 100 women with preeclampsia and 200 normal pregnant women with the gestational age of 20 weeks. Participants were selected via purposive sampling according to the eligibility criteria. Data were collected using the USDA questionnaire for food insecurity, socioeconomic data, and demographic data through interviews. Results: The findings indicated that the frequency of food insecurity was significantly higher in the preeclampsia women than the healthy women (71% vs. 21%; P < 0.001). Logistic regression indicated that the risk of preeclampsia was six times higher among pregnant women in the unsafe food status group than those in safe food status group [odds = 6.4; 95%CI: 3.3-12.4; P < 0.001]. Among the studied variables, socioeconomic status, history of stillbirth, history of preterm delivery, and ethnicity were significantly associated with preeclampsia during pregnancy (P < 0.05). In addition, women with low socioeconomic status were twice at the higher risk of preeclampsia compared to those with favorable socioeconomic status [odds = 2.7; 95%CI: 1.1-6.2; P = 0.01]. Conclusion: The current study indicated that the prevalence of food insecurity was high in Iranian women with preeclampsia, especially those with a history of preterm labor, history of stillbirth, low socioeconomic status, or non-Persian
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Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2020/05/3 | Accepted: 2020/08/9 | Published: 2021/01/13 | ePublished: 2021/01/13

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