Volume 1, Issue 1 (November 2016)                   JNFS 2016, 1(1): 63-71 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Toupchian O, Abdollahi S, Samadi M, Zeinali F, HonarkarShafie E, Farsad Naeimi A et al . Knowledge and Attitude on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors and Their Relationship with Obesity and Biochemical Parameters. JNFS. 2016; 1 (1) :63-71
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-23-en.html
Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (3870 Views)

Background: According to the high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in developing countries as well as high treatment expenses for patients and health-care systems, CVDs prevention in such societies has a great importance. One of the most effective strategies is improvement of knowledge and attitude towards the CVDs risk factors. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of females on CVDs risk factors and also the relationship between knowledge and attitude with obesity indices and biochemical parameters. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 89 women with the age range of 11 to 67 y old and body mass index (BMI) of 24 to 51 kg/m2. Participants were interviewed face to face using a valid questionnaire in order to evaluate their knowledge and attitude on CVDs risk factors. Blood sampling was implemented after 12 h of overnight fasting. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) and lipid profile were assessed by enzymatic methods. Anthropometric measurements were performed and obesity indices were calculated. Results: More than 70% of participants had moderate or good knowledge and attitude about CVDs risk factors. Participant's knowledge and attitude had a significant positive association with educational level and a significant reverse relationship with age, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and obesity indices. Conclusions: Results of this study indicated that knowledge and attitude levels on CVDs risk factors affect the obesity indices and metabolic profile. Hence, knowledge and attitude enhancement is the main target and initial step in improving life quality and preventing cardiovascular diseases.

Full-Text [PDF 596 kb]   (1359 Downloads)    
Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2016/05/10 | Accepted: 2016/07/10 | Published: 2016/08/27 | ePublished: 2016/08/27

1. Bello N & Mosca L 2004. Epidemiology of coronary heart disease in women. Progress in cardiovascular diseases. 46 (4): 287-295.
2. Dubey S, et al. 2007. Serum leptin levels in obese Indian children relation to clinical and biochemical parameters. Indian pediatrics. 44 (4): 257.
3. Gaziano TA 2005. Cardiovascular disease in the developing world and its cost-effective management. Circulation. 112 (23): 3547-3553.
4. Holloway A 1996. Patient knowledge and information concerning medication on discharge from hospital. Journal of advanced nursing. 24 (6): 1169-1174.
5. Hsieh S, Yoshinaga H & Muto T 2003. Waist-to-height ratio, a simple and practical index for assessing central fat distribution and metabolic risk in Japanese men and women. International journal of obesity. 27 (5): 610-616.
6. Jalali F, Haji Ahmadi M, Hosseinpour M, Angari M.Z & E A 2004. Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of people living in Babol about clinical symptoms and risk factors of coronary artery diseases (CAD). Journal of Babol University of medical sciences. 6 (1)): 43-49. (In Farsi)
7. Kaitosaari T, et al. 2006. Low-saturated fat dietary counseling starting in infancy improves insulin sensitivity in 9-year-old healthy children: the Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project for Children (STRIP) study. Diabetes Care. 29 (4): 781-785.
8. Khabazkhub M, Futuhi A, Hashemi H & K M 2008. Obesity and overweight in Tehran Population. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Lipid Disorders. 7 (3): 315-324.
9. Khani M, Kazemi M & Javanshir S 2003. The awareness rate of the symptoms and risk factors of coronary artery disease in over 20- year- old urban population in Zanjan. Journal of Qazvin of university of medical sciences. 6 (4): 50-54.. (In Farsi)
10. Lean M & Han T 2002. Waist worries. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 76 (4): 699.
11. Lloyd-Jones DM, et al. 2010. Defining and setting national goals for cardiovascular health promotion and disease reduction the American Heart Association’s Strategic Impact Goal through 2020 and beyond. Circulation. 121 (4): 586-613.
12. Lynch EB, Liu K, Kiefe CI & Greenland P 2006. Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor Knowledge in Young Adults and 10-year Change in Risk Factors The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. American journal of epidemiology. 164 (12): 1171-1179.
13. Mahbub S, Alipour B, Areff Hosseini S, Kushavar H & S A 1999. Knowledge, Attitude and practice of official workers in Tabriz about nutritional factors which are effective in incidence of Atherosclerosis. Scientific Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Science. 1 (2): 10-18.
14. Mohammadi M, Dustkami H, Dadkhah B & H S 2002. Knowledge, Attitude and practice of Ardabil population about risk factors of CHD. Ardabil Journal of Medical Sciences 2002. 2 (2): 42-48.
15. Muhamad R, Yahya R & Yusoff HM 2012. Knowledge, attitude and practice on cardiovascular disease among women in North-Eastcoast Malaysia. Int J Collaborative Res Int Med Public Health. 4 (1): 85-98.
16. Najafi S, Momennasab M & MJ T 2008. Prevalence of Obesity and Overweight in Khoram Abad Population over Ages 25-64 in 2006. Iranian Journal of Diabet and Lipid. 8 (2): 167-176.
17. Pancioli AM, et al. 1998. Public perception of stroke warning signs and knowledge of potential risk factors. Jama. 279 (16): 1288-1292.
18. Pearson TA, et al. 2003. American Heart Association guide for improving cardiovascular health at the community level a statement for public health practitioners, healthcare providers, and health policy makers from the American Heart Association Expert Panel on Population and Prevention Science. Circulation. 107 (4): 645-651.
19. Reeves MJ, Hogan JG & Rafferty AP 2002. Knowledge of stroke risk factors and warning signs among Michigan adults. Neurology. 59 (10): 1547-1552.
20. Sajjadi F, et al. 2008. : Nutritional knowledge attitude and practice of health professionals about cardiovascular diseases. Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. 15 (2): 65-72.
21. Sarvghadi F, et al. 2007. Prevalence of obesity in subjects aged 50 years and over in Tehran. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 9 (1): 99-104.
22. Schneider AT, et al. 2003. Trends in community knowledge of the warning signs and risk factors for stroke. Jama. 289 (3): 343-346.
23. Singh L & SG G 2008. Body Mass Index and Obesity: Tailoring “cut-off” for an Asian Indian Male Population. MJAFI. 64: 350-353.
24. Talib R, Ali O, Arshad F & Kadir KA 1997. The effectiveness of group dietary counselling among non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients in resettlement scheme areas in Malaysia. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition. 6 (2): 84-87.
25. Tan A, Yong L, Wan S & Wong M 1997. Patient education in the management of diabetes mellitus. Singapore medical journal. 38 (4): 156-160.
26. Variyam JN, Blaylock J & Smallwood DM 1996. Modelling nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and diet-disease awareness: the case of dietary fibre. Statistics in medicine. 15 (1): 23-35.
27. Wenger NK 2004. You've come a long way, baby: cardiovascular health and disease in women: problems and prospects. Circulation. 109 (5): 558-560.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Nutrition and Food Security

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb