Volume 2, Issue 1 (February 2017)                   JNFS 2017, 2(1): 105-111 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Nikookar S, Eftekhari M H, Tabatabaei H, Maryam R, Masoumi S J. Overweight, Obesity, and Its Associated Factors in Adult Women Referring to Health Centers in Shiraz in 2013-2014. JNFS. 2017; 2 (1) :105-111
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-58-en.html
PhD Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (792 Views)

Background: Obesity is one of the major health problems in the world; in this regard Iran is not an exception. The present study was conducted to investigate the overweight, obesity, and its related factors in adult women who referred to health centers in Shiraz, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 240 women who referred to health centers and aged 18-65 years old were selected through multi-stage random sampling, in 2013-2014. Height, weight, as well as waist and hip circumferences were measured, participants' body mass index (BMI) and waist to hip ratio (WHR) were also calculated. The questionnaire of demographic factors, physical activity, and food frequency were completed. Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity based on BMI was 29.2% and 13.8%, respectively. The mean of WHR was 0.89 ± 0.06 and based on this index, 79.2% of the participants had visceral obesity. There was a direct correlation between BMI and age, number of children, labor, energy, and fat intake. However, the correlation between BMI and physical activity, age of marriage, and protein intake was inverse (P < 0.05). No meaningful correlation was found between BMI and marital status, occupation, education level, income level, metropolitan area, smoking, and history of parental obesity. Based on logistic regression modeling, menopause, high energy intake, and low physical activity were associated factors of overweight and obesity (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Generally, despite extensive programs of public education, there is an alarming prevalence rate of both generalized as well as central overweight and obesity in the present study.

Full-Text [PDF 420 kb]   (388 Downloads)    
Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2016/11/6 | Accepted: 2017/01/10 | Published: 2017/02/1

References
1. Azadbakht L & Esmaillzadeh A 2007. Dietary and non-dietary determinants of central adiposity among Tehranian women. Pub HlthNutr. 11: 528-534.
2. Azizi F, Azadbakht L & Mirmiran P 2005. Trends in overweight, obesity and central fat accumulation among Tehranian adults between 1998-1999 and 2001-2002: Tehran lipid and glucose study. Ann NutrMetab. 49 (1): 3-8.
3. Baecke JA, Burema J & Frijters JE 1982. A short questionnaire for the measurement of habitual physical activity in epidemiological studies. Am J ClinNutr. 36: 936-942.
4. Bahrami H, et al. 2006. Obesity and hypertension in an Iranian cohort study; Iranian women experience higher rates of obesity and hypertension than American women. BMC Public Health. 6: 158.
5. Caballero B 2005. A Nutrition Paradox- Underweight and Obesity in Developing Countries. N Engl J Med. 352: 1514-1516.
6. Farbakhsh F, Shafieezadeh T, Ramezankhani A, Mohammadalizadeh A & Shadnoush M 2007. Association between body mass index (BMI) and sociodemographic factors among Iranian females aged 15-44 years. Pejouhesh. 31 (2): 133-139.
7. Ghadiri-AnariA, et al. 2013. Prevalence of obesity and overweight among adults in Iranian population (Yazd province). Iranian journal of diabetes and obesity. 5 (2).
8. Heshmat R, Fakhrzadeh H, Pour-Ebrahim R, Nouri M & Pajouhi M 2004. evaluation of obesity and overweight and their changes pattern among 25-64 aged inhabitants of Tehran university of medical sciences population lab region. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Lipid Disorders 3(sup1): 63-79.
9. Kelishadi R, Hashemi pour M & Sarraf-Zadegan N 2003. Obesity and associated modifiable risk factors in Iranian adolescents: IHHP-HHPC. Inter pediatr. 45 (4): 435-442.
10. Kulie T, et al. 2011. Obesity and women's health: an evidence-based review. J AM Board Fam Med 24: 75-85.
11. Li M, Yan H, Dibley MJ, Chang SY & Sibbritt D 2006. Prevalence of overweight and obesity and its associated risk factors in students aged 11-17 in Xi'an in 2004. Zhongguo Yi XueKeXue Yuan XueBao. 28 (2): 234-239.
12. Li X, et al. 2010. Prevalence and risk factors for childhood obesity in Changsha and Shenzhen in China. Zhong Nan Da XueXueBao Yi Xue Ban. 35 (1): 11-16.
13. Maddah M 2012. The Factors associated with adult obesity in Iran: A review. Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology. 7(1): 119-127.
14. Meeusen R & De meirleir K 1995. Exercise and brain neurotransmission. sports med. 20 (3): 160-188.
15. Mirmiran P, Esmailzadeh A & Azizi F 2006. Diet composition and body mass index in Tehranian adults. Asia Oac J ClinNutr. 15: 244-243.
16. Mohammadi N, Shobeiri F & Khirollahi A 2012. Frequency of Over Wieght& Obesity of Women in Referents to Medical and Health Centers in Hamadan City. Scientific Journal of Hamadan Nursing & Midwifery Faculty. 19 (2): 36-46.
17. Morris E & Currie H 2010. Obesity in menopausal women: more than you might think. Menopause International. 16: 97.
18. Nuri R, Moghadasi M & Moraveji F 2012. Association between Obesity and Overweight with Lifestyle Status and Physical Fitness Level in Shiraz Adults. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 14 (3): 241-247.
19. Patel SR & Hu FB 2008. Short sleep duration and weight gain: a systematic review. Obesity. 16 (3): 643-653.
20. Priya D, Prasanna KS, Sucharitha S & C N 2010. Body image perception and attempts to change weight among female medical students at Mangalore. Ind J Communit Med. 35: 316-320.
21. World Cancer Research Fund /American Institute for Cancer Research 2007. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Washington, DC: AICR.
22. Sanchez-Villegas A, Delgado-Rodriguez M, Martinez-Gonzalez MA & J I-E 2003. Gender, age, socio-demographic and lifestyle factors associated with major dietary patterns in the Spanish project SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra). 2003; 57(2): 285-92. EurJClinNutr 57 (2): 285-292.
23. Sarshar N & Khajavi A 2006. The prevalence of obesity in females of 15-65 years of age in Gonabad, Iran. Ofogh-e-Danesh Journal. 12 (3): 38-43.
24. Serdula MK, Invery D & RJ C 1993. Do obese children become obese adult s? A review of the literature. Prev Med. 22: 167-177.
25. World Health Organization 2000. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. WHO: Geneva, Switzerland.
26. World Health Organization 2013. Obesity and overweight. WHO: Geneva, Switzerland.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Nutrition and Food Security

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb