Volume 5, Issue 4 (Nov 2020)                   JNFS 2020, 5(4): 345-352 | Back to browse issues page

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Opeyemi A O, Kindness Lovely O, Adebukola Tolulope O. Assessing the Household Food Insecurity Status and Coping Strategies in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. JNFS. 2020; 5 (4) :345-352
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-307-en.html
Nutrition and Dietetics Department, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria.
Abstract:   (615 Views)
Background: High prevalence of food insecurity experienced by many households in developing countries predisposes them to adopting coping strategies (CSs), some of which may put them at risk of malnutrition. This
study assessed the household food insecurity status and CSs in Abeokuta. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was adopted. A total of 250 households were randomly selected in all communities in Odeda Local Government Area, Abeokuta. Interviewer-administered semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data. Household food insecurity (HFI) status and coping strategy were assessed using HFI experience scale and CS index questionnaires. The CSs were categorised as food, financial as well as both food and financial compromization. Data were reported by frequencies and percentages. Chi-square was run to determine the association among variables at P <0.05. Results: The majority (84.4%) of respondents were food insecure, of whom 26.5%, 35.5%, and 22.4% were food insecure mildly, moderately, and severely, respectively.  Moreover, 99.6% took loan, sold sheep and goat, ate once a day, ate rice without stew, sold hen and turkey, took food loan, and reduced food quality and quantity as CS. A significant association exists between CS categories and food insecurity status (P < 0.001). In addition, access to land (P = 0.00), farm (P = 0.04), paved-road (P = 0.01), information (P = 0.04), and market (P = 0.01) were significantly associated with HFI status. Conclusion: The prevalence of food insecurity was high and most households adopted CS that reduced both food quality and quantity and could adversely affect their nutritional status and predisposed them to multiple forms of malnutrition.
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Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2020/03/4 | Accepted: 2020/06/27 | Published: 2017/11/15 | ePublished: 2017/11/15

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