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MSc in Nutrition, Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (687 Views)
Background: Food insecurity and depression are two public health problems in developing the world. This study aimed to determine the association between food insecurity and depression as well as socioeconomic status (SES) among medical university students.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 272 students between 18 -22 years old. Demographic and anthropometric information were evaluated by standard methods. The dietary intakes were collected using a 24-hour dietary recall. Physical activity level was estimated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)-short form. Food security status was evaluated by the 18-item USDA questionnaire. Depression was assessed by the  Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The relationship between food security status and qualitative variables was assessed by Chi-square and this relationship with quantitative data was evaluated by ANOVA. The simple regression method was used to calculate the correlation between food security, depression, and other variables.
Results: The prevalence of food insecurity and depression in participants were 44.1% and 62.5% respectively. There was an inverse relationship between food insecurity and dietary intake of energy and macronutrients among university students (p˂0.05). In addition, the results revealed an inverse relationship between food insecurity and socioeconomic status (p˂0.05). In the food secure group, 19.1% of participants were depressed and in the food insecure group, 54.3% were depressed. A positive correlation (P < 0.05) was found between food insecurity and depression.
Conclusion: The result of this study showed a significant relationship between food insecurity and depression. However, longitudinal and interventional studies are needed to establish a causal relationship.
     
Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2019/04/4 | Accepted: 2020/03/2 | Published: 2017/11/15 | ePublished: 2017/11/15

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