Volume 5, Issue 2 (May 2020)                   JNFS 2020, 5(2): 159-167 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Niknejad N, Siassi F, Jazayery A. The Factors Affecting Newborn Birth Weight in Borujerd City: A Case-Control Study. JNFS. 2020; 5 (2) :159-167
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-237-en.html
Department of Nutrition, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (739 Views)
Background: Newborn birth weight is an important indicator for determining the health status of the human societies. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate the critical factors affecting the newborn anthropometric indices in the health centers of Borujerd city, Iran. Methods: This case-control study was conducted from September 2016 to June 2017. The participants included 22 infants with low birth weight (LBW) and 44 with normal birth weight (NBW). The demographic questionnaire and food frequency questionnaire were applied to collect data. For statistical analysis, SPSS version 16 was run and the significance level was set at P-value < 0.05. For comparing the quantitative variables between the case and control groups, the independent t-test and Chi-square test were performed. Results: The results indicated that mothers older than 35 years, self-employed fathers, pre-pregnancy, mothers' body mass index of more than 25 kg/m2, first pregnancy, pregnancy surveillance of less than four times, irregular consumption of folic acid, iron, and multi-vitamins during pregnancy, as well as inadequate consumption of meat, legumes, nuts, milk, dairy products, and vegetables during the pregnancy could increase the risk of LBW among infants significantly. Conclusion: Mothers' nutritional status before pregnancy, promotion of nutritional status by considering food sundry, nutritional balance, and care during pregnancy in the health centers can play a crucial role in improving the infants’ anthropometric indices. 
Full-Text [PDF 582 kb]   (49 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (51 Views)  
Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2019/01/30 | Accepted: 2019/07/14 | Published: 2020/05/1 | ePublished: 2020/05/1

1. Akbari Z, Mansourian M & Kelishadi R 2015. Relationship of the intake of different food groups by pregnant mothers with the birth weight and gestational age: Need for public and individual educational programs. Journal of education and health promotion. 4.
2. Alexander G, Wingate M, Mor J & Boulet S 2007. Birth outcomes of Asian‐Indian‐Americans. International journal of gynecology & obstetrics. 97 (3): 215-220.
3. Assefa N, Berhane Y & Worku A 2012. Wealth status, mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) and antenatal care (ANC) are determinants for low birth weight in Kersa, Ethiopia. PloS one. 7 (6): e39957.
4. Azadbakht L, IsmaelZadeh A, Kimiagar M & Mehrabi I 2008. The association of dominant food patterns with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome in women. Iranian journal of diabetes and lipid disorders. 7 (3): 325-342.
5. Badshah S, Mason L, McKelvie K, Payne R & Lisboa PJ 2008. Risk factors for low birthweight in the public-hospitals at Peshawar, NWFP-Pakistan. BMC public health. 8 (1): 197.
6. Bellinger D, Leviton A, Waternaux C, Needleman H & Rabinowitz M 1987. Longitudinal analyses of prenatal and postnatal lead exposure and early cognitive development. New England journal of medicine. 316 (17): 1037-1043.
7. Borders AEB, Grobman WA, Amsden LB & Holl JL 2007. Chronic stress and low birth weight neonates in a low-income population of women. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 109 (2): 331-338.
8. Brownson RC & Petitti DB 1998. Applied epidemiology: theory to practice. Oxford University Press on Demand.
9. Cogswell ME, Serdula MK, Hungerford DW & Yip R 1995. Gestational weight gain among average-weight and overweight women—what is excessive? American journal of obstetrics & gynecology. 172 (2): 705-712.
10. Fadakar-Soogheh K, Ghavi A, Niknami M & Kazemnejad L, E 2012. Relationship between mothers' nutritional status and weight gain during pregnancy with low weight. Journal of Guilan University of medical sciences. 21 (83): 27 (Persian).
11. Geronimus AT 1996. Black/white differences in the relationship of maternal age to birthweight: a population-based test of the weathering hypothesis. Social science & medicine. 42 (4): 589-597.
12. Golestan M, Akhavan Karbasi S & Fallah R 2011. Prevalence and risk factors for low birth weight in Yazd, Iran. Singapore medical journal. 52 (10): 730-733.
13. Hromi-Fiedler A 2007. Nutrient intakes, food insecurity, pregnancy weight gain and birth outcomes among Connecticut Latinas. University of Connecticut.
14. Kabali C & Werler MM 2007. Pre‐pregnant body mass index, weight gain and the risk of delivering large babies among non‐diabetic mothers. International journal of gynecology & obstetrics. 97 (2): 100-104.
15. Kolivand M, Almasi A & Heydarpour S 2014. Comparison between the outcomes of water birth and normal vaginal delivery. Journal of midwifery and reproductive health. 2 (4): 220-226.
16. Lekea-Karanika V, Tzoumaka-Bakoula C & Matsaniotis N 1999. Sociodemographic determinants of low birthweight in Greece: a population study. Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology. 13 (1): 65-77.
17. McDonald SD, Han Z, Mulla S & Beyene J 2010. Overweight and obesity in mothers and risk of preterm birth and low birth weight infants: systematic review and meta-analyses. British medical journal. 341: c3428.
18. Panter-Brick C 1998. Biological anthropology and child health: context, process and outcome. Cambridge University Press, : Cambridge.
19. Rafiei M 2007. Prevalence of low birth weight and obesity and some concomitant factors in live offspring’s in 2006 and compare with 2002 result’s in Arak Talleghani Hospital. Iranian journal of pediatrics. 17 (Suppl 1): 47-53.
20. Ramazanali F, Dastjerdi MV, Beigi A & Moini A 2006. The relationship between maternal HCT levels, birth weight and risk of low birth weight. Iranian journal of pediatrics. 16 (4): 447-454.
21. Rao S, et al. 2001. Intake of micronutrient-rich foods in rural Indian mothers is associated with the size of their babies at birth: Pune Maternal Nutrition Study. Journal of nutrition. 131 (4): 1217-1224.
22. Rashidian A, et al. 2014. Iran's multiple indicator demographic and health survey-2010: Study protocol. International journal of preventive medicine. 5 (5): 632.
23. Rasouli H, et al. 2018. Comparative in vitro/theoretical studies on the anti-angiogenic activity of date pollen hydro-alcoholic extract: Highlighting the important roles of its hot polyphenols. BioImpacts. 8 (4): 281-289.
24. Robert-McComb JJ, González ÁG & Carraway L 2014. Nutritional Guidelines and Energy Needs During Pregnancy and Lactation. In The Active Female, pp. 517-533. Springer.
25. Roudbari M, Yaghmaei M & Soheili M 2007. Prevalence and risk factors of low-birth-weight infants in Zahedan, Islamic Republic of Iran. Eastern Mediterranean health journal. 13 (4): 838-845.
26. Safari M, Samiee A, Salehi F, Ahmadi S & Ahmadi S 2016. The prevalence and related factors of low birth weight. International journal of epidemiologic research. 3 (3): 214-221.
27. Tootoonchi P 2007. Low birth weight among newborn infants at Tehran hospitals. Iranian journal of pediatrics. 17 (Suppl 2): 186-192.
28. Wu G, Bazer FW, Cudd TA, Meininger CJ & Spencer TE 2004. Maternal nutrition and fetal development. Tournal of nutrition. 134 (9): 2169-2172.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Nutrition and Food Security

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb