Volume 3, Issue 3 (Aug 2018)                   JNFS 2018, 3(3): 149-156 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Yasmin S, Bhattacharya A, Sinha N, Baur B, Gupta A, Sau M. Determinants of Household Food Insecurity among Tribal Population: An Experience from Rural West Bengal, India. JNFS. 2018; 3 (3) :149-156
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-196-en.html
Department of Community Medicine, Midnapore Medical College, Midnapore, India
Abstract:   (56 Views)
Background: Knowledge regarding distribution and determinants of household food insecurity focusing on vulnerable groups is utmost important for ensuring food security, which is every nation prime agenda. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and determinants of household food insecurity among the tribal population of Purulia, West Bengal. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 134 tribal households covering a total 632 population selected from 3 administrative divisions of Purulia district by two-stage random sampling. Information collected on selected demographic and socio-economic profile of the households including utilization of public distribution system (PDS) by house-to-house interview. A Bengali version of validated household food security scale-short form was used as a tool for data collection. Furthermore, the anthropometry was carried out among the children aged 6-59 months. Results: The results showed that the prevalence of household food insecurity was 35.8% in the study area. Households with lower socio-economic status, kutcha houses, low income related to the family members, holding of below poverty line (BPL), and ration card were significantly associated with the household food insecurity. Prevalence of under-weight and stunting among 6-59 months children were found significantly more among food insecure households. Conclusions: In-spite of several efforts, household food insecurity was quite prevalent especially among vulnerable poor households. Therefore, it shows that food security along with poverty reduction activities are required to be increased at the household level
Full-Text [PDF 408 kb]   (37 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (7 Views)  
Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2018/03/20 | Accepted: 2018/05/28 | Published: 2018/08/1

1. Agarwal S SV, Gupta P, Jha M, Agnihotri A, Nord M 2009. Experiential Household Food Security in an Urban Underserved Slum of North India. Food security. 1 (3): 239-250.
2. Bickel G NM, Price C, Hamilton W, Cook J 2000. Guide to Measuring Household Food Security: Revised 2000. (ed. F. a. N. S. U.S. Department of Agriculture): Alexandria VA.
3. Blumberg SJ BK, Hamilton WL, Briefed
4. RR 1999. The effectiveness of a short form of the household food security scale. American journal of publichHealth. 89: 1231-1234.
5. Chakraborty D 2005. Food Security in India: Policy Challenges and Responses. In Brief Paper, Asia Programme, pp. 1-13. Chatham House: New Delhi, India.
6. Chinnakali P 2014. Prevalence of Household-level Food Insecurity and Its Determinants in an Urban Resettlement Colony in North India. Journal health Population nutrition. 32 (02): 227-236.
7. Food and Agriculture Organization 1996. Rome Declaration on World Food Security and World Food Summit Plan of Action, Rome, Italy.
8. Food and Agriculture Organization 2002. Food Security: Concepts and Measurement. FAO Rome, Italy.
9. Gopichandran V CP, Baby LS, Felinda A, Mohan VR 2010. Household Food Security in Urban Tamil Nadu: A Survey in Vellore. National medical journal of India. 23 (05): 278-280.
10. Grebmer KV RM, Menon P, Nestorova B, Olofinbiyi T, Fritschel H et al. 2010. Global Hunger Index. The Challenge of Hunger: Focus on The Crisis of Child Under-Nutrition. p. 17. International Food Policy Research Institute: Washington DC, USA.
11. Mangal A KV, Panesar S, Talwar R, Raut D, Singh S 2015. Updated BG Prasad socioeconomic classification, 2014: A commentary. Indian journal of public health. 59 (01): 42-46.
12. Mukhopadhyay DK BR, SadhukhanS, Chakraborty M, Banik KK 2009. Anthropometric Failure, A New Approach to Measure Under-Nutrition: An Experience From A Rural Community of West Bengal, India. Journal of Indian medical association. 107 (04): 211-214.
13. Mukhopadhyay DK MS, Biswas AB 2010. Enduring Starvation in Silent Population: A Study on Prevalence and Factors Contributing to Household Food Security in the Tribal Population in Bankura, West Bengal. Indian journal of public health. 54 (02): 92-97.
14. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) 2007. 2005-06: India. Key Findings. (ed. M. International Institute for Population Sciences, India.): Mumbai. Planning Commission 2013. Press Note on Poverty Estimates 2011-12. (ed. G. o. India).
15. Government of India. Press Information Bureau: New Delhi, India.
16. Ray SK BA, Kumar S 1997. A Comparative Study of Household Food Security and Nutritional Profile of Under-five Children in A Rural and An Urban Community of West Bengal. Indian of journal public health. 42: 136-147.
17. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of Home Affairs GoI 2011. Census of India. India.
18. World Health Organizatio 2007. WHO Child Growth Standards. Methods and Development. World Health Organization: Geneva, Switzerland.
19. World Health Organization 1995. Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry: Report of WHO Expert Committee. In WHO Technical Report Series-854. World Health Organization: Geneva, Switzerland.
20. Yadav RJ SP 1999. Nutritional status and dietary intake in tribal children in Bihar. Indian pediatrics. 36: 37-42.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Nutrition and Food Security

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb