Volume 3, Issue 2 (May 2018)                   JNFS 2018, 3(2): 65-69 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bahrami L S, Hezaveh Z S, Tanha K, Vafa M R. The Relationship between Exclusive Breastfeeding and Mental Concentration in First and Second Grade Primary School Children of Mashhad. JNFS. 2018; 3 (2) :65-69
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-157-en.html
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (41 Views)
Background: Breastfeeding has long-term benefits, such as reducing obesity, allergies, asthma, wheezing, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and effecting on brain development .This study aimed to investigate the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and mental concentration in first and second grade primary school children. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 90 students (7-8 years old) were studied in Mashhad, Iran. The history and duration of breastfeeding were asked from children’s mothers, and their mental concentration and short term memory were measured by Toulouse Pieron and Digit learning tests, respectively. Results: The mean of the breastfeeding period was 5.72 ± 6.89 month and the mean of total scores
was 51.2 ± 32.44 for Toulouse Pieron test and 8.57 ± 6.52 for Digit learning test in all participants. The correlation between the Toulouse Pieron and Digit learning test, and breastfeeding history indicated that exclusive breast-fed children showed higher test results and therefore, better mental concentration and short term memory (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Based on the findings, exclusive breastfeeding has a positive effect on mental concentration and short term memory with respect to its duration.
Full-Text [PDF 543 kb]   (22 Downloads)    
Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2018/05/1 | Accepted: 2018/05/1 | Published: 2018/05/1

1. Anderson JW, Johnstone BM & Remley DT 1999. Breast-feeding and cognitive development: A meta-analysis. American journal of clinical nutrition. 70 (4): 525-535.
2. Angelsen N, Vik T, Jacobsen G & Bakketeig L 2001. Breast feeding and cognitive development at age 1 and 5 years. Archives of disease in childhood. 85 (3): 183-188.
3. Belfort MB, et al. 2016. Breast milk feeding, brain development, and neurocognitive outcomes: a 7-year longitudinal study in infants born at less than 30 weeks' gestation. Journal of pediatrics. 177: 133-139. e131.
4. Crawford MA, Muskiet F, Blundell JE & Bjerve KS 1993. The role of essential fatty acids in neural development: Implications for perinatal nutrition. American journal of clinical nutrition. 57 (5 SUPPL.): 703S-710S.
5. Der G, Batty GD & Deary IJ 2006. Effect of breast feeding on intelligence in children: prospective study, sibling pairs analysis, and meta-analysis. Brithsh medical journal. 333 (7575): 945.
6. Farquharson, J., Jamieson, E. C., Abbasi, K. A., Patrick, W. J., Logan, R. W., & Cockburn, F, 1995. Effect of diet on the fatty acid composition of the major phospholipids of infant cerebral cortex. Archives of disease in childhood 72: 198-203.
7. Girard LC, Doyle O & Tremblay RE 2017. Breastfeeding, cognitive and noncognitive development in early childhood: A population study. Pediatrics. 139 (4): e20161848.
8. Hall JE 2015. Guyton and Hall textbook of medical physiology. Elsevier Health Sciences.
9. Holme A, MacArthur C & Lancashire R 2010. The effects of breastfeeding on cognitive and neurological development of children at 9 years. Child: care, health and development. 36 (4): 583-590.
10. Jansen J, Weerth Cd & Riksen-Walraven JM 2008. Breastfeeding and the mother-infant relationship-A review. Developmental review. 28 (4): 503-521.
11. Jedrychowski W, et al. 2012. Effect of exclusive breastfeeding on the development of children's cognitive function in the Krakow prospective birth cohort study. European journal of pediatrics. 171 (1): 151-158.
12. Makrides M, Neumann MA, Byard RW, Simmer K & Gibson RA 1994. Fatty acid composition of brain, retina, and erythrocytes in breast- and formula-fed infants. American journal of clinical nutrition. 60 (2): 189-194.
13. Meedya S, Fahy K & Kable A 2010. Factors that positively influence breastfeeding duration to 6 months: A literature review. Women and birth. 23 (4): 135-145.
14. Morley R, Cole TJ, Powell R & Lucas A 1988. Mother's choice to provide breast milk and developmental outcome. Archives of disease in childhood. 63 (11): 1382-1385.
15. Mortensen EL, Michaelsen KF, Sanders SA & Reinisch JM 2002. The association between duration of breastfeeding and adult intelligence. Journal of the American medical association. 287 (18): 2365-2371.
16. Noughabi Z, Tehrani GS, Foroushani A, Nayeri F & Baheiraei A 2014. Prevalence and factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months of life in Tehran: a population-based study. Eastern maditerranean health journal. 20 (1): 24-32.
17. Olang B, Farivar K, Heidarzadeh A, Strandvik B & Yngve A 2009. Breastfeeding in Iran: prevalence, duration and current recommendations. International breastfeeding journal. 4 (1): 8.
18. Shamir R 2016. The Benefits of Breast Feeding. In Protein in Neonatal and Infant Nutrition: Recent Updates, pp. 67-76. Karger Publishers.
19. Smith MM, Durkin M, Hinton VJ, Bellinger D & Kuhn L 2003. Influence of breastfeeding on cognitive outcomes at age 6–8 years: follow-up of very low birth weight infants. American journal of epidemiology. 158 (11): 1075-1082.
20. Victora CG, et al. 2015. Association between breastfeeding and intelligence, educational attainment, and income at 30 years of age: a prospective birth cohort study from Brazil. The lancet global health. 3 (4): e199-e205.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Nutrition and Food Security

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb