Volume 9, Issue 2 (May 2024)                   JNFS 2024, 9(2): 343-351 | Back to browse issues page


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Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (780 Views)

Background: Ecological conditions can change infection routes and increase the risks of outbreaks. The aim of this study is risk assessment of foodborne disease outbreaks based on dispersed regional climatic and demographic variables in Yazd Province, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data of temporal climatic parameters and regional demographic factors linked to bacterial foodborne diseases were addressed. A multi-level regression analysis model was used to detect associations between the risk of outbreaks and ecological risk factors; the relationships were verified using (P<0.05). Results: Significant associations were observed between the outbreaks and age )P<0.001(, community type (P<0.001), temperature (P=0.04), rainfall (P=0.03) and dust pollution (P<0.001) in scattered parts of the province. The maximum rate of outbreaks was seen in spring, while the frequency of the outbreaks increased during April and October, compared to other months of the year (2012–2016). Conclusion: Consequences have revealed interventions of the environmental exposures in transmissions of microbial agents by complex ecological processes that caused the outbreaks.
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Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2022/07/19 | Published: 2024/05/21 | ePublished: 2024/05/21

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