دوره 2، شماره 3 - ( 5-1396 )                   جلد 2 شماره 3 صفحات 201-212 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Falahi E, Anbari K, Ebrahimzadeh F, Roosta S. Dietary patterns associated with metabolic syndrome: The Khorramabad Study. JNFS. 2017; 2 (3) :201-212
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-64-fa.html
Dietary patterns associated with metabolic syndrome: The Khorramabad Study. . 1396; 2 (3) :201-212

URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-64-fa.html


چکیده:   (422 مشاهده)
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a complex disorder considered as a worldwide epidemic. The aim of this study was to characterize the dietary patterns of Iranian adults and examine its association with metabolic syndrome. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 973 persons were selected using multi-stage cluster, random sampling method in Khorramabad city. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated, 168 food-item, self-administrated, and semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ). To identify the dietary patterns, factor analysis was used for principal components. Results: Three major dietary patterns were identified: the western dietary pattern (WDP), the healthy dietary pattern (HDP), and the traditional dietary pattern (TDP). Participants in the highest quintile of HDP had lower odds of MetS (OR: 0.45; 95% CI: 0.27-0.77) than those in the lowest quintile, whereas those in the highest quintile of the WDP score had greater odds of the MetS (OR: 3.44; 95% CI: 2.08-5.70) than participants of the lowest quintile. Multi linear regression showed that the WDP score was associated negatively with serum high density lipoprotein-cholesterol and positively with other components of MetS. Even after body mass index adjustment, the association remained significant, except for fasting plasma insulin. Conclusions: a HDP is associated with reduced risk of MetS. In contrast, a WDP is associated with a greater risk of the MetS.
     

دریافت: ۱۳۹۵/۱/۱۸ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۵/۹/۱۵ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۶/۲/۱۱

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