دوره 4، شماره 3 - ( 5-1398 )                   جلد 4 شماره 3 صفحات 186-190 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

DOI: 10.18502/jnfs.v4i3.1310


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چکیده:   (860 مشاهده)
Background: Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella enterica, Escherichia Coli (E. Coli) and Listeria monocytogenes are considered as important foodborne pathogens. Pistachia atlantica sub sp. Kurdica, called wild pistachio, has been known as an antimicrobial compound. The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of this essential oil (EO) on some of foodborne pathogens. Methods: The EO of Pistachia atlantica was obtained by hydro-distillation and analyzed by GC-MASS. The antibacterial effects of Pistachia atlantica were evaluated at two concentrations of 10 and 15 µL against Staphylococcus aureus, E. Coli, Salmonella enterica, and Listeria monocytogenes using disk diffusion method. The analysis was done by SPSS. Results: In the current study, α-pinene (92.5%) and ß-pinene (1.62%) were the main components of Pistachia atlantica EO. The EO was most effective on Salmonella enterica, whereas, its effect on Listeria monocytogenes was the weakest. The results showed a significant difference in reducing Salmonella enterica in comparison to others (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The EO has inhibitory effects on the studied bacteria. Therefore, this EO can be used as a natural preservative to extend the shelf life of foods.
     

دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۱۰/۹ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۷/۳/۵ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۸/۵/۱۰ | انتشار الکترونیک: ۱۳۹۸/۵/۱۰