Volume 3, Issue 4 (Nov 2018)                   JNFS 2018, 3(4): 202-208 | Back to browse issues page

DOI: 10.18502/jnfs.v3i4.164


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Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
Abstract:   (991 Views)
Background: Malnutrition in children including lower nutrient intakes or high density food intakes is of recent world concerns; therefore, determining a simple index that reveals the diet adequacy might be an advantage. Methods: This cross-sectional study was done among 233 children aged 2-5 years old. A 24-hour dietary questionnaire was used to calculate mean adequacy ratio (MAR), naturally nutrient rich (NNR) and energy density (ED) via related formula. Results: A significant negative trend was observed for the relationship between the MAR and the Z-score of height for age. Significant positive relations were observed between the Z-score of body mass index (BMI) for age and the Z-score of weight for height as well as the Z-score of weight for age and the Z-score of height for age. In contrast, a significant negative correlation was between the energy density and MAR (all P < 0.05). Conclusion: According to the Z-score based on the NNR, MAR and ED, these three indices might be widely used to determine the adequacy of food intakes especially among children
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Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2018/02/7 | Accepted: 2018/05/27 | Published: 2018/11/1 | ePublished: 2018/11/1

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