Volume 4, Issue 3 (Aug 2019)                   JNFS 2019, 4(3): 152-160 | Back to browse issues page

DOI: 10.18502/jnfs.v4i3.1306

XML Print

Department of Nutrition, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:   (1051 Views)
Background: Food security status is an important indicator for measuring the level of individualschr('39') access to sufficient and nutritious food. This study was conducted to investigating the food security status in pregnant women in Yazd, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 351 pregnant women with gestational age of 24 to 32 weeks were randomly selected. Food security status was measured by household food insecurity access scale (HAFIS) questionnaire. Demographic information was extracted from the health records of mothers. The data were analyzed using logistic regression test. Results: The mean age of studied women was 27.84 ± 5.46 years and the mean of their food security score was 3.45 ± 4.40. Food secure, marginal insecurity, and severe insecurity were observed in 45.6, 39, and 15.4 percent of participants, respectively. Socioeconomic status (SES) and non-Persian ethnicity had a significant relationship (P = 0.40) with food insecurity. Logistic regression analysis showed that the odds ratio of severe food insecurity in the low SES was 13 times higher than its odds in the high SES. The odds ratio of severe food insecurity for non-Persian was also 6 times higher than its odds for Persian people. Conclusion: More than half of the pregnant women were in the mild to severe range of food insecurity and the prevalence of this situation was higher in women with low social economic status and non-native groups.
Full-Text [PDF 602 kb]   (219 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (313 Views)  
Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2018/05/23 | Accepted: 2018/10/26 | Published: 2019/08/1 | ePublished: 2019/08/1

1. Alkerwi A, Vernier C, Sauvageot N, Crichton GE & Elias MF 2015. Demographic and socioeconomic disparity in nutrition: application of a novel Correlated Component Regression approach. BMJ open. 5 (5): e006814.
2. Andreyeva T, Luedicke J, Middleton AE, Long MW & Schwartz MB 2012. Positive influence of the revised Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children food packages on access to healthy foods. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 112 (6): 850-858.
3. Barker D 2004. The developmental origins of adult disease. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 23 (sup6): 588S-595S.
4. Behzadifar M, et al. 2016. Prevalence of Food Insecurity in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Archives of Iranian medicine. 19 (4): 288-294.
5. Black RE, et al. 2013. Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries. The lancet. 382 (9890): 427-451.
6. Conrey EJ, Frongillo EA, Dollahite JS & Griffin MR 2003. Integrated program enhancements increased utilization of Farmers’ Market Nutrition Program. The Journal of Nutrition. 133 (6): 1841-1844.
7. Darmon N & Drewnowski A 2015. Contribution of food prices and diet cost to socioeconomic disparities in diet quality and health: a systematic review and analysis. Nutrition Reviews. 73 (10): 643-660.
8. Eriksson JG 2016. Developmental origins of health and disease–from a small body size at birth to epigenetics. Annals of Medicine. 48 (6): 456-467.
9. FAO 1996. Rome Declaration on World Food Security and World Food Summit Plan of Action. Rome, Italy.
10. Gamba R, Leung CW, Guendelman S, Lahiff M & Laraia BA 2016. Household food insecurity is not associated with overall diet quality among pregnant women in NHANES 1999–2008. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 20 (11): 2348-2356.
11. Ghose B, Tang S, Yaya S & Feng Z 2016. Association between food insecurity and anemia among women of reproductive age. PeerJ — the Journal of Life and Environmental Sciences. 4 (2): e1945.
12. Grieger JA & Clifton VL 2014. A review of the impact of dietary intakes in human pregnancy on infant birthweight. Nutrients. 7 (1): 153-178.
13. Hakim S, Dorosty AR & Eshraghian M 2010. Association of food insecurity and household socio-economic status with the body mass index among urban women in Dezful. Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research. 8 (2): 55-66.
14. Hojaji E, Zavoshy R, Noroozi M & Jahanihashemi H 2015. Assessment of household food security and its relationship with some pregnancy complications. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 25 (123): 87-98.
15. Hulshof K, Brussaard J, Kruizinga A, Telman J & Löwik M 2003. Socio-economic status, dietary intake and 10 y trends: the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 57 (1): 128.
16. Ivers LC & Cullen KA 2011. Food insecurity: special considerations for women–. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 94 (6): 1740S-1744S.
17. Jourabchi Z, Ranjkesh F, Asefzadeh S & Sann L 2013. Impact of integrated maternal health care on reducing pregnancy and delivery complication in Qazvin province (2009-2011). Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. 16 (4): 47-53.
18. Kelishadi R, et al. 2016. Socioeconomic Disparities in Dietary and Physical Activity Habits of Iranian Children and Adolescents: the CASPIAN-IV Study. Archives of Iranian Medicine. 19 (8): 530-537.
19. Laraia B, Vinikoor‐Imler LC & Siega‐Riz AM 2015. Food insecurity during pregnancy leads to stress, disordered eating, and greater postpartum weight among overweight women. Obesity. 23 (6): 1303-1311.
20. Laraia BA, Siega-Riz AM & Gundersen C 2010. Household food insecurity is associated with self-reported pregravid weight status, gestational weight gain, and pregnancy complications. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 110 (5): 692-701.
21. Moghasemi S, Ajh N, Estaki T & Mirmiran P 2014. The status, policies and programs of nutrition among in nursing mothers: A review article. Jorjani Biomedicine Journal. 2 (2): 10-11.
22. Mohammadi F, et al. 2012. Validity of an adapted Household Food Insecurity Access Scale in urban households in Iran. Public Health Nutrition. 15 (1): 149-157.
23. Mohammadpour Kaldeh M, Fouladvand M & Avakh Keisami M 2010. Food insecurity as a risk factor for obesity in low-income Boushehrian women. Iranian South Medical Journal. 13 (4): 263-272.
24. Nnam N 2015. Improving maternal nutrition for better pregnancy outcomes. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 74 (4): 454-459.
25. Rezazadeh A, et al. 2016. Food insecurity, socio-economic factors and weight status in two Iranian ethnic groups. Ethnicity & Health. 21 (3): 233-250.
26. Ricciuto L, Tarasuk V & Yatchew A 2006. Socio-demographic influences on food purchasing among Canadian households. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 60 (6): 778.
27. WHO 2013. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015. World Health Organization: Geneva.
28. WHO 2014. Comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition. World Health Organization: Geneva, Switzerland.
29. WHO 2016. WHO recommendations on antenatal care for a positive pregnancy experience. World Health Organization: Geneva.