Volume 3, Issue 2 (May 2018)                   JNFS 2018, 3(2): 86-93 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Department of Social Determinants of Health, National Institute of Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (115 Views)
Background: Solving the problem of food and nutrition security requires the integration of various sectors of the society. Determining the role of each sector in promoting people’s health has presented intersectoral collaboration and transformed the theory of social health determinant approach into action. In this study, with a new approach, and in regards, the national organizations responsible for food and nutrition security have been classified and the role of each has been identified as functions and responsibilities. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted by studying the documents and programs related to food and nutrition security, as well as semi-structured interviews and focused group discussion with two groups, including experts and executives. To determine the role of organizations, the food supply chain was used. Results: According to the food chain, organizations responsible for food and nutrition security in Iran can be divided into three categories: 1. Responsible governance in the economic, political, social, technological, international, and environmental changes affecting food and nutrition security, 2. Responsible governance in the main process of food and nutrition security 3. Supportive sectors and systems for food and nutrition security. Generally speaking, it appears that the government responsible for the main process of food and nutrition security are made up of institutions responsible for providing adequate food, responsible governance for food safety, and responsible governance in the field of nutrition and body consumption. Conclusion: The findings of this study aimed to explain the expectations and responsibilities of ministries and organizations responsible for food and nutrition security.
Full-Text [PDF 483 kb]   (67 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (6 Views)  
Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2018/05/1 | Accepted: 2018/05/1 | Published: 2018/05/1

1. Demari B 2015. Role and share of Iranian govermental organizations in public health. Payesh. 14 (5): 515-525 [ in Farsi].
2. Hammond RA & Dubé L 2012. A systems science perspective and transdisciplinary models for food and nutrition security. National academy of sciences. 109 (31): 12356-12363.
3. Islamic Parliament Research Center of The Islamic Republic of IRAN 2018. 5 years economical,social and cultural national development plan of I.R.Iran. Available from: http://rc.majlis.ir/fa/law/show/94202, Acssessed 30 Apr 2013.
4. Kolahdooz F & Najafi F 2015. Report of a national survey : Food security information and mapping system in Iran. p. 63 Tehran [In Farsi].
5. Pinstrup-Andersen P 2009. Food security: definition and measurement. Food security. 1 (1): 5-7.
6. Solar O & Irwin A 2006. Social determinants, political contexts and civil society action: a historical perspective on the Commission on Social Determinants of Health. Health promotion journal of Australia. 17 (3): 180-5185.
7. World Health Organization 2001. Intersectoral food and nutrition policy development: a manual for decision-makers. .
8. World Health Organization 2013. Moving towards health in all policies: a compilation of experience from Africa, South-East Asia and the Western Pacific. World Health Organization.