Volume 2, Issue 3 (Aug 2017)                   JNFS 2017, 2(3): 235-242 | Back to browse issues page

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Jahan-mihan A. Dietary Proteins, Developmental Programming, and Potential Implication in Maternal Obesity. JNFS. 2017; 2 (3) :235-242
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-87-en.html
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, FL, USA 32224
Abstract:   (2768 Views)
Background: Proteins are known mainly based on their metabolic and nutritional functions including protein synthesis and a source of energy. In spite of various physiological properties attributed to proteins, their functions have neither been addressed by assessing quality of proteins nor by nutrition and dietetic practices. Methods: Studies were included if they were randomized animal studies, clinical trials and systematic reviews/meta-analysis published in English language. Results: The effect of maternal diet in general and dietary proteins in particular during development on health of offspring has been well-studied. Protein content as well as source of protein in the diet consumed during pregnancy and lactation influenced the risk of metabolic syndrome characteristics in offspring. Both high and low protein diets showed detrimental effects on health of offspring. Moreover, comparison of maternal casein-based diet with soy protein-based diet showed more favorable effect on body weight, body composition, blood pressure, and glucose metabolism in offspring. However, the role of maternal dietary proteins in developing the risk of metabolic syndrome characteristics in offspring in gestational obesity is still unclear and needs further study. Conclusions: Dietary proteins are determining factors in developmental programming. Both quantity and source of proteins in maternal diet influenced the development of metabolic syndrome characteristics in offspring. However, whether they have the same function in presence of gestational obesity is still unclear and needs further study.
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Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2017/03/30 | Accepted: 2017/05/13 | Published: 2017/08/1 | ePublished: 2017/08/1

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