Volume 2, Issue 2 (May 2017)                   JNFS 2017, 2(2): 157-163 | Back to browse issues page

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Valaei S, Rashidi A, Haghighian Roudsari A, Houshyarrad A, Abadi A, Abdollahi M et al . Evaluation of Iranian Household's Diet in terms of Calcium and Iron Density in the Seven Provinces of Iran. JNFS. 2017; 2 (2) :157-163
URL: http://jnfs.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-65-en.html
PhD Nutrition Research Department, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (656 Views)

Background: Imbalanced diet, as it may cause micronutrient malnutrition has been known as a causal factor for several chronic diseases. Several studies in Iran have shown that some micro-nutrient deficiencies are prevalent and of high concern. Minerals such as calcium and iron can supply physical and mental health as well as survival, and growth development. In this study, Nutrient density analysis was used to display Iranian households' diet quality. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, the diet quality of seven provinces, namely Eastern Azarbaijan, Isfahan, Tehran, Khorasan, Khouzestan, Sistan Balochestan and Fars was assessed in terms of calcium and iron. To do so, the data were obtained through national household food consumption survey conducted by National Nutrition & Food Technology Research Institute, 2000-02, in Iran. Results: Generally, 80% of households' calcium density was less than the standard value and this rate was 40-70% for iron. Index of nutrition quality (INQ) for calcium and iron were respectively almost 1/2 and 1/3 of requirements in all provinces. Conclusions: There were significant differences in calcium intake density between the rural and urban households however; there were no differences between the selective provinces and all over the country

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Type of article: orginal article | Subject: public specific
Received: 2016/10/20 | Accepted: 2016/12/28 | Published: 2017/05/1

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